World famous things in Assam
With the lush greenery, varied wildlife, bountiful natural resources, easy going super friendly people of different communities, different tribes and different languages, the vibrant and happening land of Assam possesses a significant position in the map of India. It is one of the “Seven Sisters” in the North-eastern India. It is also one of the least explored regions of the country. The state is divided into 2 parts by the river Brahmaputra as Upper Assam and Lower Assam. The tribes of Assam came from different regions, and brought different lifestyles and made Assam a mirror to different civilizations. Hence, apart from the Official language Assamese, several native language are spoken all over the Assam. Here is the list of several things that makes Assam famous in the world.
World famous things in Assam
One Horned Rhinos :
The famous one-horned rhino of Assam is an endangered animal which is unique to Assam and attracts tourists from across the world. Kaziranga Wildlife Sanctuary, the only natural home to the endangered one-horned rhino across the world. Kaziranga Wildlife Sanctuary is situated in the Golaghat district of Assam and one of the oldest and most stunning wildlife protected areas in India Kaziranga National Park is claimed to be the best place for tiger sighting in North East India. This wildlife reserve is home to a good number of wild buffaloes and the only population of Eastern Swamp Deer. The park encompasses 150 perennial water bodies along with a very rich collection of aquatic creatures like tortoise, along with seven species of turtles.
Read also : Kaziranga National Park
Lush Green Tea Garden :
Assam has an age long bonding with tea production. It is the producer of the finest quality tea in the world. It would not be wrong to say that Assam produces almost half of the India’s Tea Production. The Tocklai Tea Research Institute, Jorhat is dedicated to the invention of tea with various flavour.
Digboi – Birth place of Indian Oil Industry :
The “Oil City of Assam” or Digboi is the first oil refinery in the country as well as in the entire of Asia. Digboi is situated in the Tinsukia district of Assam. The small city is dotted with old buildings, exclusive bungalows and particularly the golf ground which was set during the British rule in Assam. Digboi Oil Refinery is the oldest continuously running refinery in the country. Not only Digboi, Assam is one of the state rich in Mineral Resources. Currently, there are more than 100 oil fields in Assam. Indian petroleum companies like OIL and ONGC were born out of Assam.
Sualkuchi – The weaver’s Hut :
Sualkuchi, popularly known as ‘Manchester of Assam’ is the home to some of the finest silk producing units in the country. It is located in the Kamrup Districtat a distance of around 35km from Guwahati. Almost every household in this village possesses a weaving machine. It is famous for its varieties of indigenous silk known as muga silk, pat silk ( mulberry silk), eri silk and Tassar silk. Interestingly, muga is one of the finest and the most precious silks which gets shinier with each passing day and it can be found only in Assam. The dresses woven out of these silks known as mekhela sador are part of the traditional attire of the state. Sualkuchi is not only famous for silk, this town is also known for its mixed diversity and pictorial beauty.
Read also : Various Traditional Dresses Of Assam
World famous Sarthebari Bell Metal and Brass craft industry :
The Sarthebari town is situated in the Barpeta District about 90 kms from the city Guwahati. Almost every houses of Sarthebari is engaged with the production of high quality utensils and other items, such as sarais, ban batis, glasses, plates etc. from Bell Metal and Brass. This place is the second largest handicraft center in whole of Assam. Brass and bell metal products demand both physical strength and artistic skill. Each worker specializes in a particular piece of work and makes only one part of a product. Workers feel that these items, adorned with intricate designs, cannot be made by machines, thus limiting the scope for mechanization.Scarcity of charcoal and broken bell metal products – much of it without the right copper-zinc proportion – is hitting the industry hard.
Majuli – the largest river Island in the world :
Majuli is the largest river Island in the Brahmaputra river all over the World. At the beginning of the 20th century, Majuli had an area of 880 square kilometres, but due to the flood erosion it covers 352 square kilometres as at 2014. It was formed due to course changes by the river Brahmaputra and its tributaries, mainly the Lohit. It is not only the biggest river Islaand, but also the first Island district in India. It is also well known for its rich culture and traditions. It is home to vaishnavite institutions known as Satras which propagate the teachings of the 15th century Vaishnavite saint Srimanta Sankardeva. This Island is the hub of well nourished Assamese dance forms, music and dance drama. The Gurus or the teachers living in these Satras dedicate their life to the development of Ankiya Naat, Bhaona, Borgeet and different other forms of performing art.
Umananda – The Peacock Island :
As the largest river Island in the World belongs to the state Assam, the smallest river Island in the World is also belongs to the North – East state Assam. Umananda, popularly known as Peacock Island due to its resemblance to peacock feathers is the smallest river Island in the World. It is situated in the midst of the river Brahmaputra flowing through the city of Guwahati in Assam. This island is natural habitat for Golden monkeys. one historically prominent place here is Umananda temple. This temple was built in 1964 by Ahom King Gadadhar Singha and attracts thousands of devotees. The devotees come to this sacred shrine to offer prayers and seek blessings from Shiva.
Bhoot Jolokia (Ghost Pepper) – World’s Hottest Chilli :
Bhoot Jolokia literally translating to Ghost Chilli is cultivated in Assam, Nagaland and Manipur. It is also known as red naga chilli. In 2007, Guinness Book of World Records certified it as the world’s hottest chilli. Also, the Bhoot Jolokia pickle just fits into any of the dishes as an appetizer.
Ahom Kingdom – Longest continuously ruling dynasty of India :
Ahom Dynasty was the longest ruling dynasty in India which is originated from Brahmaputra Valley in Assam. The Ahom kingdom was established in 1228 when Sukaphaa entered the Brahmaputra valley and Ahoms ruled Assam for 6 long centuries. Ahoms are the only dynasty who successfully resist Mughal expansion in Northeast India won over the well-organized and mighty Mughals. The Great Lachit Borphukan, an Ahom, did not let the Mughals enter Assam as his army quashed them to defeat in the famous battle of Saraighat. Ahoms have been second in position in making amazing architectural designs and monuments.
Video courtesy : play studio
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