Delicious Traditional Dishes of Assam
Assamese Cuisine is the unique style of preparing delicious traditional food by the people of Assam. Traditionally Assamese foods are prepared from fresh vegetables, different leafy green vegetables, different herbs, different types of fish and different types of meat. Assamese cuisine includes the cooking technique of both hills and plains people. Assamese cuisine is the combination of both spicy and tangy taste. Here is the list of different delicious traditional dishes of Assam.
Traditional Assamese Breakfast
Jolpan is the first meal of the day although it is not taken as breakfast always. Jolpan is also taken as mid meal between the main meals and widely taken during the Bihu, weddings, different religious festivals etc. Jolpan includes Doi-Chira (দৈ-চিৰা), Pitha (পিঠা), Laru (লাৰু) etc.
Doi-Chira is the combinations of moist flatten rice with curd, cream and jaggery. Pitha is made by the rice flour either fried in oil, toasted or roasted, boiled in water steam or hand-rolled in hot pan. Some traditional pithas are Til Pitha (তিল পিঠা), Ghila Pitha (ঘিলা পিঠা), Xutuli Pitha (সুতুলী পিঠা), Tora Pitha (তৰা পিঠা), Tekeli Pitha (তেকেলী পিঠা), Kholasapori Pitha (খোলাচাপৰি পিঠা), Sunga Pitha (চুঙা পিঠা)etc. Laru are the sweet balls prepared from the combination of rice flour, raw coconut, sesame seeds etc. several kinds of Laru are Narikol Laru (নাৰিকলৰ লাৰু), Tilor Taru (তিলৰ লাৰু) etc.
Poita-Bhat (পইতা ভাত)
Poita Bhat is the overnight soaked fermented cooked rice served with raw onion, Chilly, Mashed Potato (আলু পিটিকা), Salt and Mustard Oil etc. This is one of the favourite dish of Assam during the summer. Poita Bhat is usually eaten by the farmer of Assam because it gives too much energy to the farmer to work throughout the day.
Traditional Assamese Side Dishes
Traditional Assamese meal includes cooked rice along with several side dishes generally concluded with chewing Betel Nut (তামোল) in combination with Betel Leaf (পাণ). The traditional side dishes of Assamese Cuisine include:
Fried Leafy Green Vegetable (শাক ভাজি)
It is made from leafy green vegetables, herbs, seasoned with garlic, ginger and specially crushed black pepper. Fiddlehead fern fried with whole black chickpeas is the commonly eaten side dish by the people of Assam during spring season. Fiddlehead fern fried with egg and seasoned with garlic, ginger and black pepper is also a very famous dish among the people of Assam. Other leafy green vegetables like Spinach (পালেং শাক), Vegetable Mustard (লাই শাক), Amaranth (মৰিছা শাক), Green Amaranth (খুতুৰা শাক), Red Vine Spinach (পুই শাক), Chinese Mellow (লফা শাক) etc. are famous among the people of Assam.
Mashed Potatoes (আলু–পিটিকা)
Mashed Potatoes is one of the favourite dish among the people of Assam. It is a simple side dish accompanied to rice and dal and can be eaten in both lunch and dinner. Assamese version of mashed potatoes is the combination of boiled mashed potatoes, raw onion, green chilly, mustard oil and sometimes boiled egg and roasted and mashed eggplant.
Posola is the unique dish of Assamese Cuisine. It is the tender edible pith found in the trunk of a young banana plant. It is usually cooked with whole black chickpeas. Pososla is also used to make several dishes like fish head, chicken etc. including alkaline dishes called Khar (খাৰ).
Khar is the signature dish of Assamese Cuisine. It is made with a key ingredient also called as Khar (prepared by filtering water through the ashes of sun dried skin of trunk of a young banana plant). Then, khar is prepared in mustard oil with raw papaya, fish head, green chilly and the key ingredient Khar.
Tangy Fish Curry (মাছৰ টেঙা)
Tangy fish curry is the light and sour dish from Assamese Cuisine. It is one of the signature dish among the different delicious traditional dishes of Assam. It is a great refreshing dish for the summer season. The sour broth is made with tomatoes (বিলাহী), lime juice (নেমু টেঙা), mangosteen (থেকেৰা টেঙা), elephant apple (ঔ-টেঙা) etc. Then the fish is slowly cooked in the sour broth seasoned with ginger, garlic etc.
Fish roasted in Banana Leaf (মাছ পোৰা)
Tiny river fishes are wrapped in banana leaf and then roasted or grilled on fire. Then, this roasted fishes are mashed with chopped raw onion, mustard oil, green chilies and fresh coriander. This is one of the mouth watering and unique dish of Assamese Cuisine.
Chicken Curry (কুকুৰা মাংসৰ জোল)
In the Assamese Cuisine, chicken is cooked with different vegetables or ingredient. Chicken cooked with bamboo shoot (বাঁহগাজ) is one of the unique dish of Assamese Cuisine. Bamboo shoot has a unique taste which compliments chicken very well. Again, chicken is also cooked with banana flower (কলফুল) seasoned with ginger, garlic and black pepper. Commonly, people love to have local chicken curry cooked with potato and papaya.
Duck Meat Curry (হাঁহৰ মাংসৰ জোল)
Duck meat curry is the one of tasteful dish to be eaten during special occasions. Duck meat is usually cooked with white guard (কোমোৰা) or ash guard (পানীলাঁও) garnished with whole lot of spices. It can also be cooked with pumpkin, lentil, sesame and more. It is the must have dish during winters.
Pigeon Meat Curry (পাৰ মাংসৰ জোল)
Pigeon meat curry is an another delicacy of the Assamese Cuisine. It is perfect for winter season as it keeps the body warm. Pigeon meat curry is usually prepared with banana flower (কলফুল). It can also be prepared with raw papaya seasoned with lots of black pepper. It is so delightful and unique dish of Assamese cuisine.
Pork Meat Curry (গাহঁৰি মাংসৰ জোল)
Pork meat curry prepared with white guard (কোমোৰা) is the delightful dish of Assamese cuisine. Pork meat also cooked with banana flower (কলফুল) or bamboo shoot (বাঁহগাজ) or Vegetable Mustard (লাই শাক) and more. It is the famous dish among the people of upper Assam. For tribal people or Ahom, pork meat is like heavenly dish.
Silkworm Fry (পলু ভাজি)
Silkworm fry is the creepy but exotic dish from Assamese cuisine. The larvae is stir fried with spices and it tastes crunchy from the outside but liquid on the like inside. This dish is not liked by everyone but it is worth a try.
Boiled Water Snail (পানী শামুক)
Water snail curry prepared with potato or pumpkin is the most challenging dish of Assamese cuisine. Because one needs to suck the meat out of the shell to taste it. The snails are collected from paddy field or clean flowing river and then boiled with potatoes or pumpkins. It is mainly a tribal dish included in Assamese cuisine.