8 Must Visited Historical Places in Tezpur, Assam
Surrounded by ancient attractions, lush greenery tea gardens, snow clad Himalayan ranges and deep valley, Tezpur is the fifth largest city of Assam and is situated on the northern banks of Brahmaputra. Tezpur is also called as Cultural Capital of Assam.
Tezpur means Town of Blood, which has the story of war between Lord Krishna and Bana Raja behind it. The city is surrounded by the ancient heritages of 4th-9th century, which was the oldest city of Assam. Here is the list of 8 Must Visited Historical Places in Tezpur, Assam:
Agnigarh is associated with the love story of Usha and Aniruddha. Banasura was the father of Usha and Aniruddha, was the grandson of Lord Krishna. Banasura built this fort to keep his daughter Usha away from Aniruddha. This fort used to be covered with fire in order to avoid anyone from entering or exiting from it. In this way, it gets it’s name as Agnigarh. Currently, Agnigarh is present in the form of hill surrounded by clean and green park with some sculptures related to Usha and Aniruddha.
Chitralekha was the friend of Usha, who was a very talented painter. She brought the face of the man in paper, whom Usha saw in her dream. Usha felt in love with him by just seeing the picture and later they discovered that the man was Aniruddha. Hence, this park established in the year 1906 and named after Chitralekha. Now-a-days, every year several painting and drawing completion along with exhibitions are hosted by nearby schools and institutions. Chitralekha Udyan has a horse shoe shaped lake, several natural walkways and 2 huge decorated stone pillars of Bamuni hills belonging to 9th and 10th centuries.
Mahabhairab temple is situated in the northern part of Tezpur and dedicated to Lord Shiva. It has one of the world’s largest Shiva Lingams. According to the history, originally it was made by Banasura out of a stone. But the original temple was destroyed in earthquake in the year 1897 and it was reconstructed in the early period of 20th century. It has idols of Lord Ganesha and Lord Hanuman at the entrance of the temple as Dwarpals. Every year Shiv Ratri is celebrated twice in the Mahabhairab Temple as a big festival.
Bamuni Hills is the one of 8 Must Visited Historical Places in Tezpur, Assam and is situated at the right bank of mighty Brahmaputra. It is one of the famous picnic spot situated in Tezpur. It is also famous for it’s sculptural ruins dating back to 9th and 10th centuries of Gupta period. There are also some stone cravings on the wall of Bamuni hills which depicted the architectural brilliance of the ancient era. The Bhairabi and Mahabhairab temple is situated near the Bamuni Hills along with Bar Pukhuri and Padum Pukhuri.
Bhairabi Temple is dedicated to Goddess Durga in the form of Bhairabi. According to Hindu mythology, Usha who was the daughter of Banasura came regularly to worship Goddess Durga. The backdrop of the temple provides the view of Kaliya Bhumura Setu, built across the Brahmaputra River. A long pair of staircase lead to the temple front from the road. The sculpted idols and architectural works on the walls of the temple show the great brilliance of ancient art.
Da-parbatia is the religious as well as historical place situated in the west of the Tezpur city. It has ruins of 2 ancient temples which resembles to the Gupta style. According to the experts, one of the temple was built during the Ahom era and another was built during the 6th century. This temples displays some finest form of wall carvings and finest and oldest specimens of sculptural art. The doors of the temple have sculptures of Goddess Ganga and Yamuna.
Nag-Sankar Tempe is situated in the east of the Tezpur city and was built in 4th century AD. It was built by King Nagsankar of Lohitya Dynasty and reconstructed by the Ahom king Su-sen-pha in 1480. It is dedicated to Lord Shiva. There is a large pond in the Nag-sankar Temple which is the home of varieties of fishes and turtles among which some of the turtles are believed to be 100 years old.
Ketakeshwar Dewal is the one of the religious place to visit in Tezpur. It is dedicated to Lord Shiva and it has one of the world’s biggest shiva lingams. The temple mainly has 2 parts, one of which is the main part containing the shiva lingam and another part is situated at a few kilometers apart from the main part.