Various Traditional Dresses of Assam :
Assam is a northeastern state, which has a lot of diversity in tribes. It is very rich in culture and tradition. Each tribes has different tradition and hence different dresses.
Traditional Dresses of Assam :
The traditional dresses of Assam mainly include the Mekhela-Chadar for women and Dhoti-Gamosa for men. The costume for women and men are mostly made of Golden-Silk Fiber or Muga, Silk or Paat and Cotton or Kopahi.
The Mekhela – Chadar, Sarees are made of delicate design and exceptional patterns and embroideries as per the traditional norms. Now -a -days many Muga artists are involved in creating unique designs using different colors in Muga along with the traditional colors like green, red, yellow and blue. The Bridal wear is also decorated with Golden and Silver thread to give a gorgeous look on her wedding day. The hub Silk Production – Sualkuchi, offers a number of variety of Silk threads like Eri, White Paat and Golden Paat.
The Assamese men usually wear a Dhuti and Kurta along with the Gamosa during the special occasion and festivals. During the Bohag Bihu, the Bihua (Male Dancer) tie a gamocha around their head and waist and usually wear a Muga Kurta along with the Dhuti.
Traditional Dresses of Assam of Different Tribe :
Bodo Tribe :
The Bodos are the one of the famous tribe in Assam. They are the single largest tribe in the Northeast region of India. They are also have a very beautiful ethnic costume as per their traditional norms.
The Bodo women wear a Dokhna or Dokhona covering the body from the chest down to the ankle. It is made of varied colors and Agor. Now-a-days Bodo women wear blouse to cover her upper bosom and adorns with Jwmgra (Scarf) on it. The Jwmgra covers the upper portion of the body.
Traditionally Bodo man used to wear male garment called Gamsha (Gamosha in Assamese) to cover the body from waist down to the knee and Jwmgra made of Eri thrad and a small cloth on the shoulder during the winter and summer season respectively. There was no use of shirt in the past days but now the Bodo man commonly uses the western dresses.
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Dimasa Tribe :
The women wear Rijamphain to cover the body from chest to knees, Rigu to cover from waist to ankle, Bathormai a kind of Rigu which has only one particular design, to cover from waist to knees.
The males wear Sgaopha as a turban, Rigdo a short muffler, Risha short dhoti worn from waist to knee and sometimes taken as muffler also, Gainthao white long dhoti, worn from waist to ankle, Rikhaosa long muffler taken by both men and women.
Deori Tribe :
The Deori male generally wear Ikhoon along with a shirt or sporting. They use a necklace Kothamoni while take part in any traditional festivals.
The Deori women wear a Ujaduba lgoon, which hangs loosely wrapping tightly the breast. They occasionally wear a Riha known as Tigihra. The Deori women uses a Gamucha to cover their head.
Karbi Tribe :
One of the very famous and colorful and traditional tribe of Assam is the Karbi Tribe. All the men and women of the Karbi Tribe wear traditional costumes during various festivals and occasions. The Karbi people generally uses the basic colors of Red, Blue, Green, Yellow and Black.
The women in the Karbi tribe wear Pekok to cover the upper body, Mini Kamphlak to cover the lower body from waist to the calf, Rumpan or Vambok use as a belt around the waist and Jiso as a breast cloth. The women also uses Jir’ik and Piba for carrying a baby on the back.
The men of the Karbi Tribe wear Choihongthor ( a long jacket worn by married man), Peseleng use as a Shawl, Poho a woven turban, long enough to fold around the head, Chepan usually worn by bachelors as a Dhoti, Jarong / Jamborong a trendy bag carried by the Karbi men over his left shoulder.
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Mishing People :
The Mishing People are inhabiting in 11 districts of Assam which is also called as the Miri People. These ar the second largest tribal group in the Northeast region of India. This tribe is also very colorful and have their own traditional dresses.
The Mishing women wear a ege to cover the lower body part, rihbi, gaseng and seleng gasor wrapped to cover the lower garment and the blouse, gero is used to wrapped round the waist to cover the lower part of the body, or round the chest to cover the body down to the knees or so, riya is used to wrapped, a bit tightly, round the chest, segrek is usually used by the married women to wrapped round the waist to cover the eagey down to the knees and a pohtub used as a scarf to protect the head from the sun, dirt, etc. The woen also use a nisek to carry a baby with.
The male of the Mishing Tribe wears cotton jackets, light cotton towels, endi shawls, thick loin cloths, and occasionally the shirtings.
It is to be specially mentioned that the Mishing Textile pieces are called as Garu.
Rabha Tribe :
Bengal. This tribe usually uses very vibrant and bright color with unique patterns and designs representating their tradition.
People of this tribe put on traditional costumes called Koum Kontong which is commonly used to cover like a shirt all across the waist. Women adorn vibrant blouses to look beautiful.
Tai Phake Tribe :
The Tai Phake Tribe is also known as the Phakial belonging to the Tai speaking tribal group inhabiting in some district of Assam and Arunachal. They are very less in population nearly about 5000 which is nearly 250 families. Despite of this, they have their own traditional costumes representing their tradition.
The men of the Thai Phaki tribe wear is Fatong to cover the lower part of the body, genji and Sho (shirt) to cover the upper part of the body.
The Phake women wear one girdle (Chin) around the waist extending up to their ankles. To cover the upper half of the body, the women use a Fa Nangwait. A cloth belt, Chairchin is used to tie around their waist. The elderly women wear a blouse called Chekhamchum, which extends up to the waist. Young girls and the unmarried women wear blouses of different colors but use of sleeveless or short blouse is not encouraged.
The article “Various Traditional Dresses of Assam of Different Tribes” is written by Upashana Baruah, Guwahati.