Dol Jatra – Festival of Colours in Assam (Holi)

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Dol Jatra- Festival of Colours in Assam

Holi is one of the most popular festival celebrated all over the India. It is the festival of colours, joy and happiness. This Holi festival is known differently in different states of India. Apart from the rest of the country it is also a colourfully celebrated by the people of Assam. In Assam, Holi is popularly known as Dol Jatra or Dol Purnima. This festival is dedicated to Lord Krishna. In the month of “phagun” and “Chot” the spring comes, the world is filled with the different colour of nature. In this beautiful season, the festival of colour – Dol Jatra is celebrated all over the Assam. It is a 3-5 day affair for the people residing in here.

Dol Jatra

Dol Jatra celebration in Assam

Though, all the local regions of Assam have the same rituals during Holi, Barpeta is known to celebrate it in an entirely unique and grand style. Many people from other parts of India, world and Assam itself travel to Barpeta to enjoy the Dol utsava! Holigeets of Barpeta are remarkably popular which enthrals the heart of every Assamese. These holigeets are the exquisite compositions in praise of Lord Krishna.

It is known that Mathura Das Bura Ata was the first man to celebrate Dol utsava in Barpeta. Ever since then, the Dol festival celebration is being carried on in the same traditional way by the devotees of Lord Krishna in Barpeta. People forget all their problems, agonies and sorrows during the Dol Jatra, another name to denote Doul festival in Assam.

According to the  traditional norms, Dol is celebrated for 3-5 days. The three days Doul is known as “Burha Doul” that is held in month “Chot purnima“, the four days Doul is known as “Deka Doul” that is held in month of “Phagun Purnima.”

Dol Jatra celebration in Assam

The occasion of Dol Jatra is divided into three parts:

The first day is called gandha or banhutsava. On that day people bring nal,khagari and ekara for meji or clay huts. That evening Lord Krishna is brought out from manikut ghar to  near the clay huts and after alighting the clay huts, mahaprabhu takes seven rounds around it. It is called meji puoa or magh puoa. Atachbaji are the main attraction of gandha. Mahaprabhu is brought to doul ghar after meji puoa.

The second day is called bhar doul. The people of Assam have naam-prasanga at Doul Ghar. On that day ojapali and gayan-bayan is also held. Dhuliya nritya is also a memorable show which is held during these days.

The last day is called phakua or suweri. In the morning mahaprabhu is brought out from Doul ghar and is placed in the former place inside the kirtan ghar. At noon Kaliya Thakur and Mahaprabhu are brought to mathar chatal, where a prayer is held and it is termed as Sari Phurua.

In this way the festival of colours Dol Jatra is celebrated by all the people of Assam.

Read also : Me Dam Me Phi | Tai Ahom Main Festival In Assam


Courtesy : Pranjit Saikia

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