Different Wildlife Sanctuaries of Assam
The wildlife sanctuaries of Assam are the mixture of various plants and species including birds, animals etc.. These wildlife sanctuaries of Assam and national parks of Assam covers most of the land of the state. Assam is the home to 19 wildlife sanctuaries and 5 national parks. These wildlife sanctuaries of Assam provide shelter to the different species including rarest species like One-Horned Rhinos and Golden Langur. Here is the list of 19 different wildlife sanctuaries of Assam.
Amchang Wildlife Sanctuary
Amachang Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the extreme east of Guwahati city of Assam. It covers 78.64 sq. kilometer. It was declared as wildlife sanctuary on 19th june, 2004 by the Government of Assam. It is the home to rare and endangered animals and bird. It is famous for the animals like Chinese Pangolin, Flying Fox, Leopard Cat, Leopard, Elephant, Assamese Macaque, Wild Pig, Gaur etc. It is also famous for the reptiles like Python, Monitor Lizard, Indian Cobra etc. It is also home to the some famous birds like Lesser Adjutant, Greater Adjutant, Hornbil, Green Imperial Pigeon etc. The Tree Yellow Butterflies which are indigenous to Thailand, North East, Malaysia and Singapore are also found in Amachang Wildlife Sanctuary.
Bherajan Borjan Padumoni Wildlife Sanctuary
Bherajan Borajan Padumoni Wildlife Sanctuary is located in Tinsukia District on a patch of around 7 sq. kilometer. It is just 6 kilometer away from Tinsukia town. It provides accommodation and other facilities for the visitors. As the name suggest, this forest is spread across 3 blocks of Tinsukia district which consist of 3 separate forest Bherajan,, Borajan and Padumoni. These small forest reserves many exotic bird species and mammals including some rare bird species and mammals. It reserves almost 84 exotic bird species including some rare species as Bulbul, Kingfisher, Osprey etc. and different mammals as Hoolock Gibbon, Capped Langur, Pig-tailed Macaque, Slow Loris, Assamese Macaque, Rhesus Macaque, Leopard etc.
Bornadee Wildlife Sanctuary
The Bornadee Wildlife Sanctuary is situated in the Udalguri District and Baksa District of Assam. It covers almost 26 sq. kilometer. It has the abundant scenic magnificence with the majestic Himalayas on one side and the Bhutan on the other. It is one of the most beautiful wildlife sanctuary among all the wildlife sanctuaries of Assam. It is named after the Bornadee river which flows near it. It is reservation of some rarest species like Hispid Hare and Pigmy Hog. It also has other mammals like Hoolock Gibbon, Golden Langur, Clouded Leopard etc. and some migratory and local birds like Peafowl, Hornbill, Swamp Partridge, Bengal Florican, Kingfisher, Woodpecker etc.
Borail Wildlife Sanctuary
Borali Wildlife Sanctuary is situated in the Cachar District and Dima Hasao District covering almost 326 sq. kilometer. It is located near the Silchar Town at a distance of 40 km. The Borali Wildlife Sanctuary is classified as Tropical moist evergreen and semi-evergreen forest which consist of the North Cacher Reserve Forest and Borali Reserve Forest. This wildlife sanctuary reserves a wide variety of mammals including some rare species, different migratory and local birds, different raptiles along with different tree family and different orchid species. The mammals include Serow, Hoolock Gibbon, varieties of Jungle Cat, Barking Deer, Langur etc., the birds include many varieties of Hornbil, Pheasant, Grey peacock, White-backed vulture, etc. and the reptiles include rock python and King cobra. It also has a variety of orchid species like Ornithochilus cacharensis, Larsenianthus assamensis etc.
Burachapori Wildlife Sanctuary
The Burachapori Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the Sonitpur District covering almost 44 sq. kilometer. It is located near the Tezpur Town at a distance of 40 km. It was declared as Reserve Forest in 1974 which became the Sanctuary in 1975. It is famous for the bird Bengal Florican. It is also home to the many migratory birds, reptiles and fish also. It also includes other birds like Black-necked stork, Mallard, Openbill Stork, Teal, Whistling Duck etc. The mammals include Indian Rhinoceros, Tiger, Leopard, Wild Buffalo, Hog Deer, Wild Pigs, Elephants etc. Several varieties of plant species represents the beauty of this sanctuary which include different medicinal plant, different flowering plant etc.
Chakrasila Wildlife Sanctuary
Chakrasila Wildlife Sanctuary is situated in the Kokrajhar District and Dhuburi District, at a distance of 6 km from Kokrajhar Town. It spreads over the Chakrasile Hill by covering an area of almost 45 sq. kilometer. It is very famous for Golden Langur because it is the second most habitat of Golden Langur among all the wildlife sanctuaries of Assam. It was first declared as reserve forest in the year 1966 and than declared as wildlife sanctuary in the year 1994 by the Assam Government. It is one of the most attracted wildlife sanctuary in Assam because of its scenic beauty comes from the Dhir Beel and Biplai Beel Lakes situated in the forest. This sanctuary is the home to different kinds of mammals and birds including 23 species of reptiles, more than 40 species of butterflies, 119 species of birds etc. Some species of mammals in this sanctuary are Bengal fox, Indian flying fox, Indian short-tailed mole, Indian False Vampire, Rhesus Macaque, ChinesePangolin, Bengal fox etc. Some of the bird species in this sanctuary are Lesser Whistling Duck, Cinnamon Bittern, Indian Pond Heron, Red-Necked Falcon, Jungle Bush Quail, Bronze-Winged Jacana etc.
Deepor Beel Bird Sanctuary
Deepor Beel Bird Sanctuary is located in the Kamrup District at distance of 13 km away from the Guwahati City. It is famous for its scenic beauty comes from the freshwater reservation along with different plants and different species of birds. It is specially declared as Bird Sanctuary among all the wildlife sanctuaries of Assam. It is the livelihood of 14 villages consisting of 1200 families. It is home to the 120 species of migratory and local birds including different kinds of Kingfisher, abundant varieties of Ducks, Fishing Eagle, Adjucent Storkes etc. You can visit this sanctuary at any time, but best time to visit is between October to April. It is also a famous picnic place for the people of Assam.
Dihing Patkai Wildlife Sanctuary
Dihing Patkai Wildlife Sanctuary is situated in the Dibrugarh District and Tinsukia District of Assam covering an area of almost 111 sq. kilometer. It is also termed as “Amazon of the East” because of the low-land Rain Forest feature of the sanctuary, large area and thick forest. It is the most dense Wildlife Sanctuary among all the wildlife sanctuaries of Assam. It is consisting of 3 parts namely Jeypore, upper Dihing River and Dirok rainforest including some parts of Dehing-Patkai Elephant Reserve. The area has several other attractions including Digboi Oil Refinery, the oldest Oil Refinery of Asia, World War II cemeteries etc. This sanctuary is very rich in biodiversity and an ideal habitat of non human primates. This sanctuary is habitat of 47 mammals species, 47 reptiles species, 30 butterflies species, 293 bird species and 101 exotic species of orchids and bromeliads till date.
East Karbi – Anglong Wildlife Sanctuary
East Karbi – Anglong Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the Karbi anglong District at a distance of 35 km away from the Diphu town. It covers an area of almost 221 sq. kilometer including part of Kaziranga Karbi Anglong Elephant reserve. It was declared as Wildlife Sanctuary in the year 2000 by the State Government of Assam. It is famous for its wide variety of flora and fauna including different mammals, reptiles and birds and the scenic beauty of the Lake near it. It is home to the different mammals like Tiger, Elephant, Bear, Leopard, Leopard Cat etc., different reptiles like king cobra, monitor lizard, python etc., different Bird species like Green Hornbil, Green Pigeon, Black hooded oriel etc.
Garampani Wildlife Sanctuary
Garampani Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the Karbi-Anglong District at a distance of 25 kilometer from Golaghat District. It covers an area of 6 sq. kilometer surrounded by Nambor Wildlife Sanctuary. It is one of the oldest sanctuary among all the wildlife sanctuaries of Assam which is famous for its hot water spring and different beautiful waterfalls. It is rich in biodiversity. Because of its tropical semi ever-green nature, many of the rare bird species found here.
Hollongapar Gibbon Wildlife Sanctuary
Hollongapar Gibbon Wildlife Sanctuary is located at the foot of Patkai mountain range. It was previously known as Gibbon Wildlife Sanctuary or Hollongapar Reserve Forest. It was declared as Hollongapar Gibbon Wildlife Sanctuary in the year 1997. It is an evergreen forest which is covered with Flora and Fauna and mainly preserved for the Indian Elephant. The upper patch of the forest covered with Hollong tree, the middle patch is covered by Nahar tree and the lower patch is covered with different evergreen shrubs and herbs. It is famous for Hoolock Gibbon, hence the reserved area is named as Hollongapar Gibbon Wildlife Sanctuary. This wildlife sanctuary is the most habitat of Hoolock Gibbon among all the wildlife sanctuaries of Assam. Apart from the Hoolock Gibbon, other different primates of this sanctuary are Northern Pig-tailed Macaque, Eastern Assamese Macaque, Stump-tailed Macaque, Jungle Cat, Tigers, Leopards, Capped Langur etc.
Laokhowa Wildlife Sanctuary
Laokhowa Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the Nagaon District on the southern bank of Brahmaputra River. It covers an area of 70 sq. km and situated at 15 kilometers away from the Nagaon Town. It is the large habitat of one horned rhinoceros among all the wildlife sanctuaries of Assam. It also habitat of wildlife species like Wild Buffalo, Swamp Deer, Cormorant, Indian Boar etc. This sanctuary includes around 225 species of Birds and 9 species of amphibians and 14 species of reptiles.
Marat – Longri Wildlife Sanctuary
Marat – Longri Wildlife Sanctuary is located in Karbi Anglong District covering an area of 450 sq. kilometers. It is surrounded by the reserved forest like Englongkiri, Disama, Miyungdisa and Kaki and it is also a part of Dhansiri-Lungding Elephant Reserve. It offers rich biodiversity including many rare species of Flora, Fauna and Bird Species.
Nambor Wildlife Sanctuary
The Nambor Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the Karbi-Anglong District at a distance of 25 km away from the Golaghat Town. It was declared as a Wildlife Sanctuary in 2000 and it covers an area of 37 sq. kilometer. It is a tropicl evergreen forest including a verse diversity of mammals like Elephant, Tiger, Leopard, Rhesus Macaque, Assamese macaque, Fishing Cat, Sambar, Wild Pigs etc. and different reptiles like Python, Cobra, Monitor Lizards etc. It also includes different bird species along with different flora and 51 rare species of orchid.
Nambor – Doigurang Wildlife Sanctuary
Nambor – Doigurang Wildlife Sanctuary is located in Golaghat District at a distance of 25 km away from Golaghat Town. It covers an area of 97 sq. km. It was declared as Wildlife Sanctuary in 2003 and a part of Kaziranga-Karbi Anglong Elephant Reserve. It is a tropical Semi Evergreean type forest including different Flora such as Bhelu, Gomari, Ajar, Nahor, Udiyam, Poma, Bon Som etc. and some of rare orchid species. It is rich in biodiversity including different mammals such as Elephant, Tiger, Leopaard, Fishing Cat, Hoolock Gibbon, Stumped tailed Macaque, Pig tailed Macaque, Slow Loris, Assamese Macaque, Barking Deer etc. It also includes variety of reptiles species and bird species including some rare species.
North Karbi-Anglong Wildlife Sanctuary
North Karbi-Anglong Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the Karbi-Anglong District covering an area of almost 96 sq. kilometer. The Kaziranga National Park is located near the North Karbi-Anglong Wildlife Sanctuary. The North Karbi-Anglong Wildlife Sanctuary provides shelter to the most of the migrating animals of the Kaziranga National Park during flood. It has a wide biodiversity including different mammals like Tiger, Lesser cats, Elephant, Gaur, Sambar, Bears, Barking deer, Rhesus macaque, Hoolock gibbon, Capped langur, Slow loris etc.
Panidihing Wildlife Sanctuary
Panidihing Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the Sibsagar District covering an area of 33 sq. kilometer. It is located at a distance of 22 km away from the Sibsagar Town, located between Dimow and Disang River. The Government of Assam declared it as Panidihing Bird Sanctuary in the year 1999. It is also specially declared as Bird Sanctuary among all the wildlife sanctuaries of Assam. It is the habitat of 165 different bird species and 70 species of migratory birds are recorded here. Different local birds includes Greylag Goose, Spot-billed Duck, Garganey, Kingfisher, White necked stork etc. including the rare bird species like white-rumped vultures and Griffon.
Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary
Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the Morigaon District covering a small area of Mayang. It is located at 30 km away from Guwahati covering an area of 38 sq. kilometers. It was first declared as Protected Area in the year 1971 and then declared as Sanctuary in the year 1987 by the Government of Assam. It has a dense population of the Great Indian one-horned rhinoceros in the 16 square kilometers of the Sanctuary. It is the second most large habitat of one-horned rhinoceros among all the wildlife sanctuaries of Assam. Not only rhinoceros, it is also the habitat of different mammals like Wild Boar, Wild Buffalo, Barking Beer etc. It is home to 93 rhinoceros, almost 2000 migratory Birds and 375 species of birds and different reptiles.
Sonai – Rupai Wildlife Sanctuary
Sonai–Rupai Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the Sonitpur District at a distance of 52 kilometers away from Tezpur town. It was declared as Wildlife Sanctuary in the year 1998 and it covers an area of almost 175 sq. kilometers. It is located in the foothills of Great Himalayan Range and River Buhridihing passes through the sanctuary making the sanctuary more scenic and greenery. Different mammals in this sanctuary are tiger, lesser cats, qaur, wild boar, hog deer, barking deer etc. including Elephant and Indian Bison as the Prime attraction of this sanctuary. It also has a rich collection of bird species like white winged wood duck, hornbill, pelican, etc. including various types of migratory birds, different species of reptiles such as python, Russell’s viper etc.
The best time to visit the Wildlife Sanctuaries of Assam is between November and March.